Chorshanba, 26-noyabr, 2014 Toshkent vaqti: 18:40

Ilm-fan

Haydovchisiz mashinalar yaqin yillarda sotuvga chiqadi

Haydovchisiz avtomobillar sinovda/Driverless Carsi
X
27.07.2013 22:20
Haydovchisiz mashinalarni fantastika dersiz, lekin bu texnologiya allaqachon yaratilib, ayni paytda AQSh yo'llarida sinovdan o'tmoqda. Florida, Nevada va Kaliforniya shtatlari eksperimental mashinalarga ruxsat bergan.
Haydovchisiz avtomobillar sinovda/Driverless Cars
Amerika Ovozi
Haydovchisiz mashinalarni ko’rganmisiz? Albatta, fantastik kartinalarda. Ammo bu texnologiya allaqachon yaratilib, ayni paytda AQSh yo’llarida sinovdan o’tmoqda. Florida, Nevada va Kaliforniya shtatlari eksperimental mashinalarga ruxsat bergan.


Google kompaniyasi o’zini o’zi haydaydigan o’nlab mashinalarga ega. Ular hozirgacha jami 480 ming kilometr masofani bosib o’tdi.  

AQSh va Yevropadagi yirik avtokorxonalar ham o’xshash loyihalar ustida ish boshlagan. Volvo, masalan, 2020-yilga borib haydovchisiz mashinalarni sotuvga chiqarmoqchi.

Yaqinda Kaliforniya shtati o’z yo’llarida bunday avtomobillar yurishiga ruxsat berdi.

“Ilmiy-fantastik g’oyalar sekin-asta hayotga tatbiq etilayapti…”, - deydi shtat gubernatori Jerri Braun.

Yangi texnologiyaning tarkibiy qismlari - kamera, radar va sensorlar. Mazkur sistemalar tanlov va konkurslar asosida yildan-yilga taraqqiy etib borayapti. Proyekt homiysi – DARPA, AQSh harbiy tadqiqotlar agentligidir.

Muhandis Richard Meyson 2004-2007-yillarda o’tkazilgan poygada o’zini boshqaruvchi mashinalarni loyihalashtirgan.

“Mashinalar dizaynini mukammallashtirish uchun har ikki yilda qayta olib kelishar edi. Izlanishlar natijasida ular 10 baravar ko’proq ma’lumotni tahlil qilish darajasiga yetdi. Lekin narxi ham oshdi”, - deydi u.

Endi Los-Anjelesdagi avtoko’rmazaga kirib o’tib, bozorga chiqayotgan yangi ulovlar bilan tanishsak…
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Kichik hajmli yangi Mitsubishi hech qancha benzin yemaydi. Honda esa xavfsizlikka e’tiborni oshirmoqda, deydi kompaniya vakili Enji Nuchi.  

“Passajir tomondagi oynada kamera o’rnatilgan. Tasvirga qarab, yo’lakni almashtirish oson va xavfsiz”, - deydi u.

Yana bir qulaylik – to’qnashuv xavfini sezganda mashina o’zi tormoz pedalini ishga soladi.

Bu sistemalar haydovchiga yordam beradi, lekin uning o’rnini bosa olmaydi. Pitersen avto-muzeyi xodimi Lesli Kendalga ko’ra, kelajakda haydovchisiz mashinalar yo’lni bexatar qiladi.

“Avtomobillar o’zini boshqara olsa, yo’lda avariyalar kamayishiga umid qilish mumkin”, - deydi u.
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Lekin inson nazoratni kompyuterga osongina berib qo’yarmikan?

“Texnologiya ishonchli ekaniga ko’nikish vaqt talab qiladi. Avvalo ular o’zini oqlashi, sinovdan o’tishi kerak”.

Soha mutaxassislariga ko’ra, yana bir muhim faktor avtomobillar bahosidir. Haydovchisiz ulovlar xaridorgir mahsulotga aylanishi uchun bahosi arzonroq bo’lishi kerak.
Mazkur forum yopiq.
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Kamera taqqan politsiyachilar - US Police Body Camerasi
X
26.11.2014 08:09
Vashington va Nyu-York shaharlarida ayrim politsiyachilar kichik videokamera taqib yurishni boshladi. Sinov tariqasida yo’lga qo’yilgan bu loyihadan maqsad huquq-tartibot xodimlari fuqarolarga nisbatan ortiqcha kuch ishlatishining oldini olish.

KUNDALIK ESHITTIRISH

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  • In a second night of violence following a grand jury's decision not to indict a white police officer in the shooting death of a black teenager, protesters attack and turn over a police car outside Ferguson City Hall, in Ferguson, Missouri, Nov. 25, 2014.
  • Protesters angry with a grand jury's decision to not indict a white police officer who shot and killed an unarmed black teenager, march from the Ferguson Police Department toward City Hall in Ferguson, Missouri, Nov. 25, 2014.
  • Protesters attack and turn over a police car outside Ferguson City Hall, in Ferguson, Missouri, Nov. 25, 2014.
  • In a second night of violence following a grand jury's decision not to indict a white police officer in the shooting death of a black teenager, protesters attack and turn over a police car outside Ferguson City Hall, in Ferguson, Missouri, Nov. 25, 2014.
  • A police car was set on fire outside the Ferguson City Hall, in Ferguson, Missouri, Nov. 25, 2014.
  • A police officer extinguishes a fire inside a police car outside the Ferguson City Hall, in Ferguson, Missouri, Nov. 25, 2014.
  • Protesters gather outside the Ferguson City Hall, in Ferguson, Missouri, Nov. 25, 2014.
  • Protesters gather outside the Ferguson Police Department, in Ferguson, Missouri, Nov. 25, 2014.
  • Police officers in riot gear gather outside the Ferguson Police Department, in Ferguson, Missouri, Nov. 25, 2014.
  • Missouri National Guardsmen gather outside the Ferguson Police Department, in Ferguson, Missouri, Nov. 25, 2014.
  • Officers in armored vehicles approach the Ferguson City Hall area where protesters were gathered, in Ferguson, Missouri, Nov. 25, 2014.
  • Police force protesters to leave the area near the Ferguson City Hall, in Ferguson, Missouri, Nov. 25, 2014.
  • Officers in armored vehicles approach the Ferguson City Hall area where protesters were gathered, in Ferguson, Missouri, Nov. 25, 2014.

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