Juma, 19-sentyabr, 2014 Toshkent vaqti: 16:47

Matbuot

O'zbekistonda jurnalistlar va matbuot kishanda

Prezident Islom Karimov global tarmoq kuzatuvi bobida mahoratini oshirib, ommaviy axborot vositalarini mahkam changallab olgan, o’nlab jurnalistlar qo’rqinchli bir sharoitda qamoqxonalarda saqlanmoqda, deyiladi hisobotda.
Prezident Islom Karimov global tarmoq kuzatuvi bobida mahoratini oshirib, ommaviy axborot vositalarini mahkam changallab olgan, o’nlab jurnalistlar qo’rqinchli bir sharoitda qamoqxonalarda saqlanmoqda, deyiladi hisobotda.
Amerika Ovozi
Matbuot erkinligini kuzatuvchi xalqaro guruh xulosasiga ko’ra, Shimoliy Afrika va Yaqin Sharqda, arab bahoriga qaramasdan, ommaviy axborot vositalari hamon erkin emas.


"Chegara bilmas muxbirlar" tashkiloti bugun Matbuot erkinligi bo’yicha yillik hisobotini e’lon qildi.

Hujjat 179 davlatni o’z ichiga oladi. Unga ko’ra, qo’zg’olon va to’qnashuvlar tinmayotgan Afrika shimoli va Yaqin Sharq jahonda eng xatarlisi.
 
Tunis, Misrda bu borada ahvol ayanchli. Suriyada jurnalistlar va internetda axborot uzatayotgan oddiy fuqarolar urush qilayotgan hukumat va muxolifatning qurboniga aylanmoqda. Xususan, Suriya 2012-yilda jurnalistlar uchun eng xavfli manzil deya tan olingan.
 
Ro’yxatda eng yuqori pog’onani egallagan uch davlat – matbuot chuqur hurmat qilinadigan Finlyandiya, Niderlandiya va Norvegiya. Bu uchtalik o’tgan yili ham a’lo baholangan edi.

Qo’shma Shtatlar 32-o’rinda. Eng quyi nuqtalarda diktatura hukmron Turkmaniston, Shimoliy Koreya va Eritreya.
 
“Izlanishlardan xulosa qilish mumkinki, demokratiya e’zozlangan jamiyatlarda xolis axborot uzatish protsessi himoyalangan. Inson huquqlari ayovsiz poymol qilinadigan davlatlarda buning aksi”, - deydi "Chegara bilmas muxbirlar" bosh kotibi Kristof Delor.
 
Qozog’iston 179 davlat sirasida 160-o'rinda. O’tgan yil bilan qiyoslaganda mamlakat olti qator pastlagan. Prezident Nursulton Nazarboyev hukumati repressiyani qurol qilib, avtoritar qo’shnilari O’zbekiston va Turkmanistonga yetib oldi, hisob, deyiladi hujjatda. Qozog’iston mustaqil jurnalistlar hayotiga suiqasdlar, hibsga olishlar va tahqirlashlarga guvoh bo’ldi.
 
123-o’rinni egallagan Tojikiston internet ustidan kuzatuvni oshirish uchun butun boshli “ko’ngillilar armiyasi”ni tuzdi, deyiladi "Chegara bilmas muxbirlar" xulosasida. Bu davlatda mustaqil axborot saytlari va Facebook sahifasi tez-tez to’sib turiladi.
 
Deyarli har yili past baho olib kelayotgan O’zbekiston (164-o'rinda) va Turkmanistonda (177-o'rinda) matbuot kishanda.

75-yoshini qarshilagan va mamlakatni 1989-yildan beri temir panja bilan boshqarib kelayotgan prezident Islom Karimov global tarmoq kuzatuvi bobida mahoratini oshirib, ommaviy axborot vositalarini mahkam changallab olgan. O’nlab jurnalistlar qo’rqinchli bir sharoitda qamoqxonalarda saqlanmoqda, deyiladi hisobotda.

So'z va matbuot erkinligi haqida gap ketganda, O'zbekiston rasmiylari hozirda qancha telekanal va radio, gazeta va jurnal borligini misol qilib keltiradi. Vaholanki, gap sonda emas, sifatda. Respublikada mavjud biror axborot vositasi amaldagi siyosatni savolga tuta olmaydi. Jamiyatni qiynayotgan muammolar yoritilmaydi. Chet el axborot vositalari, jumladan "Amerika Ovozi", "Ozodlik" va "Bi-Bi-Si" singari o'zbek tilida xabarlar uzatuvchi teleradiolar uchun O'zbekiston yopiq. Ularning internet sahifalariga to'siqlar qo'yilgan.

Ko’ppartiyaviylik, fikr erkinligi targ’ib qilinayotgan Turkmanistonda totalitar rejim o’zgaradigan emas. Prezident Qurbonguli Berdimuhammedov o’z shaxsiga sig’inish siyosatini yo’lga qo’yib olgan, deyiladi "Chegara bilmas muxbirlar" hisobotida.
 
Qirg’iziston jadvalda 106-o'rinda. Matbuoti xilma xil, senzuradan nisbatan xoli sanalgan bu mamlakatda jurnalistlar hayoti xavf ostida va turli hukmron hamda muxolifat guruhlar tomonidan muntazam siquvda.
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Oy zabt etilganidan 45 yil o'tib... 45 years since lunar landingi
X
19.09.2014 05:47
45 yil oldin iyul oyida odamzot ilk bor Oyga qadam qo’ydi. Amerika va Sovet Ittifoqi o’rtasida fazoviy raqobat ayni qizigan davrlar edi. Bugun siyosiy manzara o’zgacha va kosmik izlanishlar tabiati ham o’zgargan.

KUNDALIK ESHITTIRISH

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  • Secretary of State John Kerry testifies at a Senate Foreign Relations Committee hearing on "U.S. Strategy to Defeat the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant" on Capitol Hill in Washington September 17, 2014. REUTERS/Joshua Roberts (UNITED STATES -
  • Ryan Randall plays the bagpipes outside a voting station in Edinburgh, Scotland. Scotland votes whether or not to end the 307-year-old union with the rest of the United Kingdom.
  • French President Francois Hollande speaks at a news conference at the Elysee Palace in Paris.
  • An aide helps Chinese President Xi Jinping tie his shoe after visiting Rajghat, the memorial to India's independence leader Mohandas Gandhi, in New Delhi, India. President Xi's wife is pictured with his wife, Peng Liyuan. 
  • Tibetan exiles are detained by police during a protest outside of a meeting between visiting Chinese President Xi Jinping and Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi in New Delhi, India.
  • A man looks for survivors under the rubble of collapsed buildings after what activists said was a vacuum bomb dropped by forces of Syria's President Bashar al-Assad on Maarat Al-Nouman, south of Idlib.
  • Pennsylvania State Police salute outside St. Peters' Cathedral in Scranton, Pennsylvania, USA, as the casket for State Police Corporal Bryon Dickson, 38, is carried into the cathedral for his funeral service. The suspected shooter in the attack last week that killed Dickson and seriously wounded another person, is a member of a group that re-enacts the Cold War, state police said.
  • A man runs through burning charcoal without shoes as he participates in a tradition called "Lianhuo", or "fire walking", in Pan'an county, Zhejiang province, China.
  • Residents recover pieces of wood after high waves dragged their beach stalls into the sea in Coyuca de Benitez, on the outskirts of Acapulco, Mexico. Tropical Storm Polo is forecast to become a hurricane off Mexico's Pacific Coast, the U.S. National Hurricane Center said, just days after a large storm hit the Baja California peninsula.
  • Bible Lands Museum director Amanda Weiss (R) holds an ancient Siddur, or Jewish prayer book, as she puts it on display at the museum in Jerusalem. Dating back some 1,200 years, the 9th-century A.D. Siddur is the oldest Jewish prayer book known to exist. Originating in the Middle East, it contains around 50 pages written in Hebrew.
  • Baby Hamadryas baboons reach for milk bottles as a zookeeper feeds them at a zoo in Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province, China.
  • Wood pieces and cars are seen stuck under a bridge over the Bitoulet River in Lamalou-les-Bains, southern France. Five people died when storms turned a peaceful river that bordered their camping site in southern France into an extremely powerful river that swept them away, rescue workers said.
  • A model wears a creation for Just Cavalli women's Spring/Summer 2015 collection, part of the Milan Fashion Week, in Milan, Italy.
  • Members of the Australian Federal Police (AFP) forensic unit carry equipment into a house that was involved in pre-dawn raids in the western Sydney suburb of Guilford September 18, 2014.
  • A firefighter battling the King Fire sprays water on a backfire in Fresh Pond, California, USA. Fire crews in California's rocky Sierra Nevada battled to put out a blaze that threatened at least 2,000 homes and has displaced hundreds of residents as the fire continued to burn for a fifth day.
  • The Singapore Flyer observation wheel is covered by haze.
  • Gardener Silvia Manteuffel measures her giant pumpkin in a garden near Fuerstenwalde, eastern Germany. Her first try at growing a pumpkin produced the giant plant weighing around 260 kilograms.
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