Chorshanba, 26-noyabr, 2014 Toshkent vaqti: 23:27

Amerika

AQShda qo'lbola qurol targ'iboti kuchaygan

Qurollar va siyosat/Obama Gunsi
X
08.02.2013 00:36
Prezident Barak Obama mamlakatda qurol nazoratini kuchaytirishga urinmoqda. Keyingi paytda maktablar va jamoat joylarda qonli xurujlarga guvoh bo'lgan amerikaliklar ham o'zgarish talab qilmoqda. Lekin bu jamiyat cheklovlarni yoqtirmaydi. Shunday ekan, Amerika bu borada ham ikkiga bo'lingan. Bir taraf, gap qurolda emas deydi. Ikkinchi tomon esa fuqaroga miltiq yoki to'pponcha nimaga kerak deya xayron. Bir tomon bu xavfsizlik uchun zarur desa, ikkinchi tomon qurolga egalik qilish mumkin bo'lgani uchun ham jinoyatlar sodir etilmoqda, deydi.

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AQSh qonunchilari qurol-yarog’ savdosi va undan foydalanishni cheklash yo’llarini izlamoqda. Texnologiya taraqqiy etgan sari bu vazifa yanada qiyinlashmoqda. Masalan, so’nggi yillarda maxsus “3-D” printerlari yordamida qattiq plastmassadan qurolning istalgan qismini yasash imkoni paydo bo’ldi. Texas shtatida mana shunday quroldan foydalanishni targ’ib qilayotganlar ham bor. 

Kodi Vilson har bir fuqaro mana bunday yarim avtomat qurolga ega bo’la olishi kerak, deydi:

“Men uchun bu radikal tenglik degani. Huquq-tartibot organlari va armiya nimaga egalik qilsa, fuqarolarga ham shunga egalik qilish huquqi berilishi kerak. Bu shaxs suverenitetining bir ko’rinishi”, - deydi u.
 
O’ziga anarxist deya baho beradigan Vilson internetdan topilgan suratlar yordamida o’ziga qurol yasab olganini aytadi:

“Agar qurol suratda to’g’ri tasvirlangan bo’lsa, uni maxsus printer orqali yasab olish juda oson”, - deydi u.
 
Qonunchilar qurollarni cheklash payida. Vilson kabilar esa o’ziga qurol yasab olmoqda.

“Ular magazinida o’nta o’q bo’lgan qurolni taqiqlamoqchi. Nyu-York shtatida cheklov - yettita o’q. Menikidek qurol yasasangiz, hech qanday qonun uni man etolmaydi”, - deydi Vilson.

Biroq bunday qo’lbola miltiq ishlashi uchun oqdoni va tanasini metaldan yasamasa bo’lmaydi. Federal qonunlarga ko’ra, uni yasash mumkin, lekin sotish man etilgan.

Xavfsizlik masalalari bo’yicha ekspert Fred Berton printer yordamida yasaladigan qurol hozircha jiddiy tahdid emas, deydi. 

“Yuz foiz plastmassa bo’lgan va otadigan qurolni yasash nihoyatda mushkul. Chunki o’q chiqayotgan paytda plastmassa yorilib ketishi mumkin”, - deydi u.  

Biroq huquq-tartibot organlari uchun ular boshog’riq bo’ladi, deydi Berton:

“Bunday qurollarning ishga yarashi qiyin, lekin qonunlarni chetlab o’tish uchun ulardan foydalanishlari mumkin”, - deydi u.

Texas universiteti professori Senford Levinson ham shundan xavotirda.

“Bunday qurollarni qonunan taqiqlash mumkinmi yoki yo’qmi?” – deya so’raydi u.

Qonunchilar bunday qurollarni taqiqlashga harakat qilishi kerak, chunki hukumatning eng asosiy vazifalaridan biri – fuqarolar xavfsizligini ta’minlashdir, deydi olim.

So’rovlarga ko’ra, hukumatdan o’zimizni himoya qilish uchun qurolga muhtojmiz, deya fikrlaydigan amerikaliklar juda kam. Qurol sohiblarining aksariyati ham cheklovlar kiritish tarafdori.
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Kamera taqqan politsiyachilar - US Police Body Camerasi
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26.11.2014 08:09
Vashington va Nyu-York shaharlarida ayrim politsiyachilar kichik videokamera taqib yurishni boshladi. Sinov tariqasida yo’lga qo’yilgan bu loyihadan maqsad huquq-tartibot xodimlari fuqarolarga nisbatan ortiqcha kuch ishlatishining oldini olish.

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  • In a second night of violence following a grand jury's decision not to indict a white police officer in the shooting death of a black teenager, protesters attack and turn over a police car outside Ferguson City Hall, in Ferguson, Missouri, Nov. 25, 2014.
  • Protesters angry with a grand jury's decision to not indict a white police officer who shot and killed an unarmed black teenager, march from the Ferguson Police Department toward City Hall in Ferguson, Missouri, Nov. 25, 2014.
  • Protesters attack and turn over a police car outside Ferguson City Hall, in Ferguson, Missouri, Nov. 25, 2014.
  • In a second night of violence following a grand jury's decision not to indict a white police officer in the shooting death of a black teenager, protesters attack and turn over a police car outside Ferguson City Hall, in Ferguson, Missouri, Nov. 25, 2014.
  • A police car was set on fire outside the Ferguson City Hall, in Ferguson, Missouri, Nov. 25, 2014.
  • A police officer extinguishes a fire inside a police car outside the Ferguson City Hall, in Ferguson, Missouri, Nov. 25, 2014.
  • Protesters gather outside the Ferguson City Hall, in Ferguson, Missouri, Nov. 25, 2014.
  • Protesters gather outside the Ferguson Police Department, in Ferguson, Missouri, Nov. 25, 2014.
  • Police officers in riot gear gather outside the Ferguson Police Department, in Ferguson, Missouri, Nov. 25, 2014.
  • Missouri National Guardsmen gather outside the Ferguson Police Department, in Ferguson, Missouri, Nov. 25, 2014.
  • Officers in armored vehicles approach the Ferguson City Hall area where protesters were gathered, in Ferguson, Missouri, Nov. 25, 2014.
  • Police force protesters to leave the area near the Ferguson City Hall, in Ferguson, Missouri, Nov. 25, 2014.
  • Officers in armored vehicles approach the Ferguson City Hall area where protesters were gathered, in Ferguson, Missouri, Nov. 25, 2014.

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