Chorshanba, 26-noyabr, 2014 Toshkent vaqti: 18:45

Amerika

AQShda immigratsiya masalasi qachon hal bo'ladi?

Yosh muhojirlar
Yosh muhojirlar
Amerika Ovozi
Bu yilgi saylovlarda Barak Obama uchun ovoz berib, uning g’alabasini ta’minlaganlar orasida ispanzabon fuqarolar, ya’ni latinolar juda ko’p. Saylovdan so’ng demokratlar ham, respublikachilar ham immigratsiya bobida islohotlarni amalga oshirish fursati yetdi, demoqda. Biroq ikki partiya o’zgarishlar qanday bo’lishi yuzasidan kelisha olmayapti. 

Kongressdagi Latinolar Forumi deb nomlangan guruhga Senat va Vakillar Palatasidagi ispanzabon demokratlar kiradi. Ular o’zlarining immigratsiya masalasidagi fikrlarini jamoatchilikka tushuntirish uchun jurnalistlar bilan uchrashdi. Kongress a’zosi, demokrat Luis Gutierrezning aytishicha, ushbu Forum 2004-yildan buyon Kongressni immigratsiyaga oid qonunlarni isloh qilishga undab keladi. Ammo respublikachilar muhojirlarni yomon otliqqa chiqarib, islohotlarning amalga oshishiga qarshilik ko’rsatmoqda, deydi arbob. 

“Kongress hech narsa qilmagani uchun jamiyatga foyda keltiraman, oilamni boqaman deb qattiq mehnat qilayotgan yaxshi odamlar “soya”da qolib ketyapti. Ular qonuniy ravishda bu mamlakatda qolish imkonini topolmaganidan keyin, qonunni buzishga majbur bo’ladi”, - deydi kongressmen.

Demokratlar taklif qilayotgan islohotga ko’ra, hujjatsiz immigrantlar AQSh fuqaroligini olishdan oldin ixtiyoriy ravishda hukumat ro’yxatidan o’tib, ingliz tilidan test topshirishi va soliqlarni to’lab borishi kerak. Senat a’zosi, demokrat Robert Menendez fikricha, agar 11 million hujjatsiz muhojir maqomi qonuniylashtirilsa, mamlakat katta foyda ko’radi.

“Islohotlar iqtisodiy farovonlik va milliy xavfsizlik uchun kerak. Odamlar “soya”dan chiqmasa, hukumat ro’yxatidan o’tmasa, kim Amerika orzusiga erishaman deb kelganu, kim biz uchun tahdidligini aytishning iloji yo’q”, - deydi senator.

Respublikachi senatorlar “Achieve Act” nomini olgan qonun loyihasini ilgari surmoqda. Unga ko’ra, ayrim yosh immigrantlar, xususan, AQSh armiyasida xizmat qilgan va mamlakat kollej va universitetlarida o’qigan yoshlarga AQShda doimiy ravishda yashash va ishlash huquqi berilishi kerak, ammo fuqarolik emas.

“Noqonuniy immigrantlar navbatda birinchi emas, oxirgi o’rinda bo’lishi kerak. Ularga fuqarolik olish taqiqlanmaydi, lekin imtiyozlar ham yaratilmaydi”, - deydi respublikachi senator Key Beyli Xatchinson. 

Demokratlar esa respublikachilar rejasiga qarshi. Bu yo’l bilan muhojirlarga yordam bera olmaymiz, deydi ular.

Respublikachilar safida immigratsiya masalasi yuzasidan pozitsiyamizni o’zgartirishimiz kerak, deganlar bor. Aks holda, kelasi saylovda ham mag’lubiyatga uchraymiz, deydi ular. Senat a’zosi, respublikachilar orasida katta obro’ga ega Marko Rubio ta’biri bilan aytganda, “agar saylovchi oila a’zosi, masalan, buvisining deportatsiya qilinishidan tashvishlanayotgan bo’lsa, unga iqtisodiy o’sish, soliqlar va sog’liqni saqlash haqida gapirish befoyda”.
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Kamera taqqan politsiyachilar - US Police Body Camerasi
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26.11.2014 08:09
Vashington va Nyu-York shaharlarida ayrim politsiyachilar kichik videokamera taqib yurishni boshladi. Sinov tariqasida yo’lga qo’yilgan bu loyihadan maqsad huquq-tartibot xodimlari fuqarolarga nisbatan ortiqcha kuch ishlatishining oldini olish.

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  • In a second night of violence following a grand jury's decision not to indict a white police officer in the shooting death of a black teenager, protesters attack and turn over a police car outside Ferguson City Hall, in Ferguson, Missouri, Nov. 25, 2014.
  • Protesters angry with a grand jury's decision to not indict a white police officer who shot and killed an unarmed black teenager, march from the Ferguson Police Department toward City Hall in Ferguson, Missouri, Nov. 25, 2014.
  • Protesters attack and turn over a police car outside Ferguson City Hall, in Ferguson, Missouri, Nov. 25, 2014.
  • In a second night of violence following a grand jury's decision not to indict a white police officer in the shooting death of a black teenager, protesters attack and turn over a police car outside Ferguson City Hall, in Ferguson, Missouri, Nov. 25, 2014.
  • A police car was set on fire outside the Ferguson City Hall, in Ferguson, Missouri, Nov. 25, 2014.
  • A police officer extinguishes a fire inside a police car outside the Ferguson City Hall, in Ferguson, Missouri, Nov. 25, 2014.
  • Protesters gather outside the Ferguson City Hall, in Ferguson, Missouri, Nov. 25, 2014.
  • Protesters gather outside the Ferguson Police Department, in Ferguson, Missouri, Nov. 25, 2014.
  • Police officers in riot gear gather outside the Ferguson Police Department, in Ferguson, Missouri, Nov. 25, 2014.
  • Missouri National Guardsmen gather outside the Ferguson Police Department, in Ferguson, Missouri, Nov. 25, 2014.
  • Officers in armored vehicles approach the Ferguson City Hall area where protesters were gathered, in Ferguson, Missouri, Nov. 25, 2014.
  • Police force protesters to leave the area near the Ferguson City Hall, in Ferguson, Missouri, Nov. 25, 2014.
  • Officers in armored vehicles approach the Ferguson City Hall area where protesters were gathered, in Ferguson, Missouri, Nov. 25, 2014.

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