Seshanba, 03-mart, 2015 Toshkent vaqti: 04:05

Amerika

Qatliomlar ketidan AQShda ruhiy salomatlikka e’tibor oshgan

Sendi Xuk maktabidagi fojia butun dunyoni larzaga soldi
Sendi Xuk maktabidagi fojia butun dunyoni larzaga soldi
Amerika Ovozi
O’tgan oy AQShning Konnektikut shtatidagi boshlang’ich maktabda yosh bolalar va o’qituvchilarni otib o’ldirgan o’smir ruhan kasalmidi? Bu savolga hali aniq javob yo’q. Biroq fojia mamlakat bo’ylab ruhan kasallarga ko’rsatilayotgan tibbiy xizmat sifatiga e’tiborni oshirdi. Bu programmalarga ko’proq mablag’ ajratish zarur, deydi shifokorlar.


So’nggi yillarda AQShda bir necha ommaviy otishma yuz berdi.

2011-yili Arizonada Jared Lofner ko’chada odamlarga qarata o’q uzib, 6 kishini o’ldirgan. Yaralanganlar orasida Kongress a’zosi Gabriel Gifford ham bor edi.

2012-yil yozida Kolorado kinoteatridagi fojia 12 odam hayotiga zomin bo’ldi. O’nlab nafari jarohatlandi.

Kaliforniya, Viskonsin, Vashington shtati va Minnesota ham ommaviy qotilliklarga guvoh bo’lgan. Har bir voqeadan so’ng qotillarni yaqindan bilgan-taniganlar ularni nafratga to’lgan, yolg’iz, hatto ruhiy kasal deya ta’riflab berdi.

Konnektikutda 6-7 yoshdagi bolalar qoni to’kilgani dunyoni larzaga soldi. Ko’plab amerikaliklar ruhiy kasalliklardan davolanish tizimini qayta ko’rib chiqishni so’ramoqda.

Ruhshunoslar koalitsiyasi prezident Obama va Kongressga yo’llagan maktubida sog’liqni saqlash sistemasida o’zgartirishlar qilish, zo’ravonlik hollariga chek qo’yishning yangi yo’llarini topish tilga olinadi.

Koalitsiyaga Ron Mandershayd boshchilik qiladi.

“Ruhiy kasallikka chalinganlarning bor-yo’g’i uchdan biri, narkotik moddalarni iste’mol qiladiganlarning esa 10 foizi davolanishga boradi”.

So’nggi yillarda AQSdagi ruhiy kasalxonalar va narkomanlarni davolaydigan maskanlarga ajratiladigan mablag’ keskin kamayib ketgan.

Maktub mualliflari tibbiy dasturlarni kengaytirish barobarida o’qituvchilar uchun ruhiy kasallik alomatlarini aniqlashni o’rgatuvchi treninglar tashkil etishni maslahat beradi.  

Shuningdek, avtomat va yarim-avtomat qurollar hamda o’q dorilarni man etish talab qilinyapti.

“Faqatgina psixologik xastaliklar va narkotiklar iste’moli haqida emas, balki qurollar masalasida ham fikrimiz qat’iy. Qurol-yarog’ jamiyat, fuqarolar salomatligiga jiddiy tahdid solayotgan muammo,” - deydii Mandershayd.

Buni qarangki, ayni paytda qurollar savdosi chaqqon.

“Shanba kuni do’konimizga tumonat odam keldi. Hammasi qurol sotib olmoqchi. Ayrimlariga rad javobini ham berdik,” - ddeydi bir do'kon sohibasi.

Mutaxassislarga ko’ra, ruhiy kasallarning jinoyat sodir etishi emas, jinoyatga duchor bo’lishi ehtimoli yuqoriroq. Ko’plar shifokorga ko’rinishidan or qiladi. Jamiyatda kasallarga munosabat o’zgarishi kerak, deydi ruhshunoslar.
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Amerika Manzaralari/Exploring America, March 2, 2015i
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02.03.2015 16:00
Har dushanba Toshkent vaqti bilan 15:30 da sun'iy yo'ldosh orqali uzatiladigan 30 daqiqali ko'rsatuv Amerikadagi siyosiy, iqtisodiy va ijtimoiy manzara bilan tanishtiradi. Qolaversa, Qo'shma Shtatlar - Markaziy Osiyo davlatlari orasidagi aloqalarni tahlil qiladi.

KUNDALIK ESHITTIRISH

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  • An American Robin perches on a tree branch enjoying snowflakes in freezing weather in Virginia, Feb. 26, 2015. (Diaa Bekheet/VOA)
  • Iraqi government forces and allied militias fire weaponry from a position in the northern part of Diyala province, bordering Salaheddin province, as they take part in an assault to retake the city of Tikrit from jihadists of the Islamic State (IS) group.
  • Student protesters shout inside a monastery compound after police surrounded the monastery apparently to prevent them from proceeding with a protest march against an academic law to Yangon from Letpadan, north of Yangon, Myanmar, to protest against an academic law.
  • Performers spray molten iron against a concrete wall to celebrate the upcoming Lantern Festival in Nuanquan town of Yuxian County, Hebei province, China, March 1, 2015.
  • A woman holds a sign reading "I am not afraid" during a march in Moscow, Russia, in memory of opposition leader Boris Nemtsov who was shot and killed near the Kremlin on Feb. 27, 2015. (Photo taken by Vladimir Zablitsky from Moscow on March 1, 2015)
  • A harbor light on Lake Michiganis at the 31st Street Harbor in Chicago, Illinois, is covered by snow and ice, March 1, 2015.
  • A woman looks at Hina dolls and thousands of hanging decorations marking Girls' Day at a hotel in Tokyo, Japan. March 3 is celebrated as Girls' Day to pray for the vigorous growth of girls in the family.
  • Expedition 42 Flight Engineer Terry Virts and Commander Barry "Butch" Wilmore venture outside the International Space Station for their third spacewalk in eight days. Virts and Wilmore completed installing 400 feet of cable and several antennas associated with the Common Communications for Visiting Vehicles system known as C2V2.
  • The beautiful tones of the morning sunrise over lower Manhattan as reflected in the icy waters of the Hudson river made waiting outside in the frosty 7° C air all worth it! (Photo taken by Daniel Leavey of Jersey City in New Jersey on Feb. 21, 2015)
  • A farmer pulls an old fishing net over a rice field to protect it from birds in Cilacap, Central Java, Indonesia.
  • A participant in the Chicago Polar Plunge is engulfed by the partially frozen waters of Lake Michigan in Chicago, Illinois, March 1, 2015.
  • A man shields himself from women playfully beating him with sticks as part of Holi celebrations at Gokul village in Mathura district in the northern Indian state of Uttar Pradesh.
  • Children react with their faces covered in cream from a 450-meter-long cake that was prepared as part of celebrations to mark the 450th anniversary of the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, March 1, 2015.
  • A woman uses Samsung Gear vr during the Mobile World Congress, the world's largest mobile phone trade show in Barcelona, Spain, Monday, March 2, 2015. (AP Photo/Manu Fernandez)
  • Grumpy Cat attends the World Premiere of Cinderella in Los AngelesMarch 1, 2015.

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