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Huquq tashkilotlari: O'zbekiston o'zgarishga intilmoqda


Toshkent xalqaro huquq tashkilotlari bilan nima haqda gaplashmoqda?
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Huquq tashkilotlari: O'zbekiston o'zgarishga intilmoqda

O'zbekiston hukumati va mahalliy huquq tashkilotlari bilan muloqot olib borayotgan ikki xalqaro organga ko'ra, Toshkent ular bilan xo'jako'rsinga gaplashayotgani yo'q. O'zgarish qilishga intilayotganlar ko'p, xususan mansabdorlar orasida, deydi "Human Rights Watch" (HRW) tashkiloti eksperti Stiv Sverdlov (Steve Swerdlow). Norvegiya Xelsinki qo'mitasining Markaziy Osiyodagi vakili Marius Fossum fikricha esa hozir - hamkorlikning ilk bosqichi. Bu organlar qanday yordam bera oladi? O'zbekiston nima istaydi? Mamlakat faqat hukumat emas, deydi bu mutaxassislar, fuqaro jamiyati xalq dardini aks ettiruvchi tizim sifatida oyoqqa turishi kerak.

'Amerika Ovozi" bilan Toshkentdagi muzokaralar orasida gaplashgan Fossum va Sverdlov Tashqi ishlar, Ichki ishlar, Adliya va boshqa vazirliklar bilan aloqada, shuningdek, Ombudsman idorasi, islohotlarni targ'ib qiluvchi "Taraqqiyot strategiyasi" markazi hamda "Yuksalish" milliy harakati bilan rishtalar o'rnatgan.

"Qay jihatdan yordam bera olsak, beramiz. Islohotlar samara berishini xohlaymiz", - deydi Fossum.

Uning qayd etishicha, fuqaro jamiyati va matbuot erkinligi kengaymasa, hozirgi jarayonlar ish bermaydi. Sverdlov tahlilicha, hukumat buni tushunadi.

O'zbekiston bu xalqaro tashkilotlar bilan o'z imijini yaxshilash uchungina gaplashayotgan yoki hamkorlik qilayotgan bo'lsa-chi?

"Uchrashuv va muloqotlardan bilamanki, hukumatda o'zgarishlar sari sidqidildan harakat qilayotgan juda ko'p, turli yoshdagi, turli lavozimlardagi", - deydi HRW vakili.

Huquq tashkilotlarining asosiy vazifasi adolat targiboti, hukumat yoki davlat imijini mustahkamlash emas, deya eslatadi u.

"Hukumat o'z nufuzi oshishini, mamlakatda ko'proq sarmoya va sayyoh kelishini istaydi, bu aniq. Lekin biz bilan buning uchungina muzokara olib borayotgani yo'q. Biz - tanqidiy ovozmiz. Biz xatolarni ko'rsatamiz. Tuzatish uchun tavsiyalar beramiz. Huquqbuzarlik holatlarini fosh etamiz. Xalqaro majburiyatlarni eslatib turamiz. Xalqaro qadriyatlarga urg'u beramiz," deydi Sverdlov.

Marius Fossum va Stiv Sverdlov Toshkentda, aprel, 2019
Marius Fossum va Stiv Sverdlov Toshkentda, aprel, 2019

Fossum ham huquq tashkilotlari va hukumat orasida konstruktiv yondashuvga asoslangan hamkorlik zarurligiga urg'u beradi. Harakatlarni susaytirmaslik kerak.

"Hukumat fuqaro jamiyati va matbuotga yo'lni kattaroq ochaverishi, erkinlikka yo'l berishi va shu yo'ldan borsa, mamlakat real tarzda taraqqiy etishini anglashi zarur", - deydi Norvegiya huquq tashkiloti vakili.

Bu ekspertlar O'zbekiston qamoqxonalarida siyosiy sabablar, ya'ni muxolif qarashlari uchun qamalgan minglab odamlar bor, deya ta'kidlab turibdi.

'Mahbuslarni ozod etish jarayoni davom etmoqda. O'zbekiston nafaqat xalqaro balki mahalliy bosimga ham javob bermoqda", - deydi Sverdlov.

Chiqayotganlarning arzi tinglanishi, ular normal hayotga qaytishi uchun sharoit yaratib berilishi zarur, deya undamoqda bu mutaxassislar. Oson bo'lmaydi, lekin islohotlar jarayoni mahbuslar reabilitatsiyasini ham ko'zda tutishi kerak.

"Hukumat bilan bu borada gaplashayapmiz", - deydi Sverdlov. "Eng qiyin ishlar oldinda".

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    Navbahor Imamova

    Navbahor Imamova "Amerika Manzaralari" turkumidagi ilk teledasturlar muallifi. TV, radio va onlayn diktor, prodyuser, muxbir va muharrir. O'zbekistonda akkreditatsiyadan o'tgan, ya'ni respublikadan turib axborot berish imkoniyatiga yagona amerikalik jurnalist. "Amerika Ovozi"da 2002-yildan beri ishlaydi. Jurnalistik faoliyatini 1996-yilda O'zbekiston radiosining "Xalqaro hayot" redaksiyasida boshlagan. Jahon Tillar Universiteti Xalqaro jurnalistika fakultetida dars bergan. Ommaviy axborot vositalari bo'yicha bakalavrlikni Hindistonning Maysur Universitetidan (University of Mysore), magistrlikni esa AQShning Bol Davlat Universitetidan (Ball State University) olgan. Shuningdek, Garvard Universitetidan (Harvard University) davlat boshqaruvi va liderlik bo'yicha magistrlik diplomiga ega. Toshkent viloyati Bo'stonliq tumani Qo'shqo'rg'on qishlog'ida ziyoli oilasida ulg'aygan.

    Navbahor Imamova is a prominent Uzbek journalist at the Voice of America. As anchor, reporter, editor, web editor, and producer, she has covered Central Asia and America for nearly 20 years on TV, radio and online. For the last year, she has also been reporting from inside Uzbekistan as the only and first-ever accredited U.S.-based journalist. Navbahor is also the founding President of the VOA Women’s Caucus. Educated in Uzbekistan, India, and at Harvard University, she was a 2016-17 Edward S. Mason Fellow at Harvard’s John F. Kennedy School of Government, where she also earned her Masters in Public Administration. Navbahor played a pivotal role in the launch of Uzbek television programming at VOA in 2003 and has since presented more than 800 editions of the flagship weekly show “Exploring America,” which covers American foreign policy for some 40 million Uzbek speakers worldwide, focusing on U.S. relations with Central Asia and life and politics in the United States. She has co-hosted VOA-wide special broadcasts for a global audience. She has received multiple awards for excellence in broadcasting, including the VOA Gold Medal in 2010. As a multimedia journalist, with millions of viewers, listeners, followers, and fans, Navbahor writes and speaks frequently on Uzbek domestic politics, foreign policy, and society, as well as regional issues in Central Asia, for policy, academic, and popular audiences. Her essays have appeared in leading journals, including Foreign Policy, The National Interest, and The Diplomat, and she has lectured at institutions including the U.S. Foreign Service Institute, Columbia University, Johns Hopkins University, Georgetown University, and George Washington University. Navbahor began her career at the Uzbek state broadcaster as a reporter and producer. She taught journalism at her alma mater, the Uzbek State University of World Languages in Tashkent, and then earned a B.A. in journalism and mass communication from Maharaja’s College at the University of Mysore in India. A recipient of the Edmund Muskie Fellowship, she earned her MA in journalism from Ball State University. In 2009, Ball State’s journalism department named her an Outstanding Young Alumna.

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