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O'zbekistonlik tadqiqotchi: "Tashkent City" xalq bilan hisoblashishi kerak


Vashington choyxonasi: Dilmira Matyakubova #TashkentCity
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Vashington choyxonasi: Dilmira Matyakubova #TashkentCity

Jorj Vashington Universitetining Markaziy Osiyo dasturi doirasida har yili Markaziy Osiyo va Ozarbayjondan 10 ga yaqin yosh mutaxassis Vashingtonda malaka oshiradi. Biror muammoga qarshi kurashayotgan faolmisiz? Davlat tizimini isloh qilish harakatidagi xodimmisiz? Yangicha choralar yoki siyosat ustida o'ylanayapsizmi? O'z sohangizda yangiliklar qilishni xohlab, ilmiy zehningizni oshirishni istasangiz, bu programmada qatnashib, grant yutib, AQSh poytaxtiga bir semestrga taklif qilinishingiz mumkin. Albatta, siz qatori topshirgan yuzlab, balki minglab mutaxassislar bilan bellashishingizga to'g'ri keladi. Ayni damda bu dasturni yakunlayotgan o'zbekistonlik tadqiqotchi "Vashington choyxonasi" haftalik ruknimiz mehmoni bo'ldi. Marhamat, tanishing.

Tashkent City yoki Eski shahar?

Dilmira Matyakubova - O'zbekiston poytaxtidagi nufuzli Uestminster Xalqaro Universiteti ilmiy xodimi, o'qituvchi.

Vashingtonda malaka oshirar ekan, uning e'tibori Toshkentda yangi shahar qurilayotganida bo'ldi. Tashkent City, hukumatga ko'ra, mamlakatning eng zamonaviy qismi bo'ladi. Ilg'or texnologiya va biznes markazi. 70 gektar maydonni egallaydi. 1 milliard dollardan oshiq mablag' sarflanishi kutilmoqda. Prezident Shavkat Mirziyoyevga ko'ra, Tashkent City O'zbekistonning bugungi va ertangi yuzi bo'lib, uning nimaga qodir ekanini aks ettirishi kerak.

Lekin nima evaziga? Kim bundan manfaatdor? Nima uchun odamlar bu yangi shahar uchun uy-joyidan, hovlisi va mahallasidan ayrilishi kerak? Toshkentning bir necha asrlik tarixga ega qismlari buzilishini hukumat qanday asoslamoqda? Jamoatchilik bilan muzokara qilayaptimi? Uning fikrini inobatga olayaptimi?

Dilmira fikricha, taraqqiyot zarur deyish bilan cheklana olmaysiz. Mutasaddilarga ko'ra esa ish endi boshlanmoqda va tegishli tomonlarning nuqtai nazari hisobga olinadi.

Odamlar ajdodlaridan qolgan mulki va o'tmishini baland oynali imoratlarga almashishni xohlamasa, zo'rlab ko'chira olmaysiz. Obidalarni vayron qila olmaysiz. Siyosiy jihatdan ham, ma'naviy jihatdan ham noto'g'ri ish bo'ladi, deydi Dilmira, o'z izlanishlariga tayanib.

Tashkent City loyihada
Tashkent City loyihada

Tashkent City ortida qanday odamlar turibdi? Toshkent shahar hokimiyati, Shayhontohur tuman hokimiyati, yirik xorijiy va mahalliy qurilish kompaniyalari va tegishli idoralar. Ular bir-biri bilan ishlayapti lekin omma dardini deyarli tinglashmayapti, deydi Dilmira.

Eski shahar, uning tahlilicha, Toshkentning azaliy ko'rki. Poytaxtga kelganlar uchun qadim ko'chalar, eskicha uylar va mahallalar qiziq, zamonaviy osmono'par imoratlar emas, deydi u. Boy tarixi va madaniyati bilan faxrlanib yashaydigan o'zbek xalqi uchun buni tushunish qiyin emas.

Shaharning eski qismini ehtiyotlagan holda ham yangi imoratlar barpo etish mumkin. Bu degani loyihani shunga moslaysiz. Dilmiraning asosiy tavsiyasi shu: hovli va mahallalaridan ayrilishdan qo'rqib yashayotgan, qayerga borishini bilmay turgan aholi bilan muloqot qiling. Ularning nolalari markaziy hukumatga, xususan prezidentga yetib bormayapti.

Tashkent City balki, hukumat xohlaganidek, O'zbekistonga sarmoya, nufuz va yangi imkoniyatlar olib kelar, biroq uni mahalliy aholini norozi qilgan holda qurish adolatdan emas. Murosa haqida o'ylang, deydi Dilmira. Loyiha haqida odamlarni ogoh qiling. Uni jamoatchilik bilan muhokama qiling. Aholi huquqlari buzilmasligini ta'minlang. Shikoyatlarni tinglang, javob bering.

Mutaxassisning ilmiy ishi to'liq holda yaqin kunlarda Jorj Vashington Universiteti Markaziy Osiyo dasturi saytida chop etiladi.

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    Navbahor Imamova

    Navbahor Imamova "Amerika Manzaralari" turkumidagi ilk teledasturlar muallifi. TV, radio va onlayn diktor, prodyuser, muxbir va muharrir. "Amerika Ovozi"da 2002-yildan beri ishlaydi. Jurnalistik faoliyatini 1996-yilda O'zbekiston radiosining "Xalqaro hayot" redaksiyasida boshlagan. Jahon Tillar Universiteti Xalqaro jurnalistika fakultetida dars bergan. Ommaviy axborot vositalari bo'yicha bakalavrlikni Hindistonning Maysur Universitetidan (University of Mysore), magistrlikni esa AQShning Bol Davlat Universitetidan (Ball State University) olgan. Shuningdek, Garvard Universitetidan (Harvard University) davlat boshqaruvi va liderlik bo'yicha magistrlik diplomiga ega. Toshkent viloyati Bo'stonliq tumani Qo'shqo'rg'on qishlog'ida ziyoli oilasida ulg'aygan.

    Navbahor Imamova is a prominent Uzbek journalist at the Voice of America and a leading Washington-based authority on geopolitics and national development in Central Asia. As anchor, reporter, multimedia editor and producer, she has covered Central Asia and the U.S. for over 15 years on TV, radio and online. During 2016-2017, she was a prestigious Edward S. Mason Fellow in public policy and management, while earning her Mid-Career Masters in Public Administration at Harvard University’s John F. Kennedy School of Government. Imamova played a pivotal role in the launch of Uzbek television programming at VOA in 2003, and has since presented nearly 800 editions of the flagship weekly show, “Amerika Manzaralari,” which covers American foreign policy focusing on Washington’s relations with Central Asia, as well as life and politics in the U.S. She is frequently asked to speak on regional issues in Central Asia, as well as Uzbek politics and society, for policy, academic, and popular audiences, including the U.S. Foreign Service Institute, Princeton University, Columbia University, Johns Hopkins University, Georgetown University, George Washington University, Michigan State University, the University of Wisconsin, Northeastern University, and her alma mater Harvard University. Her essays on the region have been published in journals and edited volumes, including Central Eurasian Studies Review and Demokratizatsiya: The Journal of Post-Soviet Democratization.

    She began her career at the Uzbek state broadcaster. She holds a Bachelor of Arts in journalism and mass communication from Maharaja’s College at the University of Mysore, India and a Master of Arts in journalism from Ball State University.

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